$table = ‘tabulka’;

$col = ‘sloupec’;

$sql = “
    SHOW COLUMNS
    FROM
        {$table} LIKE ‘{$col}’       
    “;
$res = $this->getAdapter()->fetchRow($sql);
       
$enums = $res['Type'];
//upraveni retezce a vyparsovani polozek
$enums = str_replace(“enum(‘”, ”, $enums);
$enums = str_replace(“)”, ”, $enums);
$enums = str_replace(“‘”, ”, $enums);
$enums = explode(‘,’,$enums);
       
$result = array();
foreach ( $enums AS $enum )
{
    $result[$enum] = $enum;
}
       
return $result;